Migraine attacks are very painful. During an attack, sufferers can usually only withdraw. Migraines occur repeatedly and interfere severely with daily activities. This presents sufferers with many challenges in their professional and social lives.
What are the signs and symptoms of migraine?
- Migraine usually manifests itself as a unilateral pulsating headache.
- In addition, there are accompanying symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound.
- A migraine attack can vary in duration (4-72 hours) and intensity.
- Migraine attacks occur repeatedly. The frequency of attacks ranges from once a year through once a month to every day.
- Migraine attacks can be triggered by the interaction of various factors such as stress, irregular sleep patterns, hormonal fluctuations or certain foods, but the triggers differ from person to person.
It is still not fully known why migraine develops. However, it is clear that migraine is more than a headache; it is a hereditary neural disease.
Work, meeting friends and acquaintances or other activities may not be possible. For professional and social life, the illness can represent a significant burden.
Sufferers from migraine attacks should retreat to a darkened room early in the day, perform relaxation exercises and take their prescribed medication.
There are some preventive measures that sufferers can take in order to reduce the number of migraine attacks:
- Regular daily routines such as sleep, drinking and meals
- Sufficient exercise, particularly endurance sports
- Relaxation exercises and stress management
If these measures are not enough, additional medications can help to improve your quality of life and reduce the frequency of seizures.
If you have regular headaches or they affect you severely, you should consult a doctor. There are various forms of migraine and other complaints that have comparable symptoms. If so, a medical diagnosis is recommended.
Telemedicine can also help with migraines: our doctors can recommend treatment and, if necessary, provide medical certificates, prescribe medication or refer you to a specialist.